The land traffic law governs all road users in the Kingdom of Cambodia.
The law is aimed at:
• Maintaining order and safety in road trafficking, which allowed for public traffic throughout the Kingdom of Cambodia.
• Protecting human and animal lives and environment.
• Curbing the effect on human health and the damage of the state and private properties.
• Curbing the offenses stemming from the use of the roads.
The road users have to respect the regulations, which are determined by this law properly.
Driving of all kinds of vehicles in the Kingdom of Cambodia have to adhere to the right-hand side.
All vehicles, which are moving along the roads, MUST have drivers.
In order to carry out the traffic law, the following terms have to be defined:
• The word “road” refers to the whole size of the trunk / torso of the road and the roadsides.
• The word “trunk of the road” is part of the road left for all kinds of vehicles to traffic.
• 'Roadsides' are parts of both sides of the trunk of the road located outside the cities and towns (densely populated area) and that it can be parked if necessary.
• 'Sidewalks' are the roadsides in cities or towns, which are prepared for pedestrians. The sidewalks are not allowed for vehicles to park.
• The word “traffic lane” is part of the road separated by dotted or long lines along the road, with enough width for all kinds of vehicles to traffic in one row.
• The word “town” refers to the place where buildings or houses are closely constructed with each other, and that the exit or entrance there are placed with the signs or names of cities or towns to show the entry or the name of cities or towns with the red lines to show the exit from cities or towns via roads and with many people trafficking.
• The word “junction” refers to the places where two or more roads are converged with one flat surface and are not defined by the angle of the axis of the road. The junctions have different shapes such as +, X, T, Y or roundabout etc.
• The word “roundabout” refers to the junction of two or more roads, and that in the central part, it has the terrace or sculpture or other monuments and has one-way road surrounded with arrow signs for traffic direction.
• The word “public road” refers to the roads offer for public trafficking.
• The word “private road” is the road built by private, which is divided into two following types:
a) The private road for public traffic is the road, which is open for general traffic and is built or repaired by the private in accordance with the contract with the state.
b) The private road, which is not open for public traffic, is the road preserved for the work in any compounds of the house, factory, enterprise, building, or square.
• The word “trail” refers to the land road connecting national / provincial roads to villages or communes in rural areas.
• The word “stop” refers to the state of motionlessness of vehicles on the road for a necessary moment in which the driver is still in or nearby the vehicle in order that the passengers or other vehicles pass by or stop for loading and unloading goods or passengers.
• The word “parking” refers to the leaving of vehicle in the state of motionlessness for a long or short period in which the driver leaves the vehicle alone.
• The word “driver” refers to the person who commands vehicle including the animal rider, animal carrier on the road.
• The word “vehicle” refers to the vehicles for transporting / carrying people or goods on the rood or for towing or is towed by the other.
• The word “motor vehicle” refers to any vehicles with machine, which traffic on the road, such as motorbikes, tri-wheel motorbike, cars, tractors, and other tools equipped trucks.
• The word “tools equipped trucks” refers to the special trucks equipped with additional mechanical tools without loading any persons or goods out of its driver’s room such as the cement mixing trucks or any trucks serving for the construction of roads, bridge, etc.
• The word “road user” refers to the vehicle drivers or any pedestrians who are traveling on the roads.
• The word “net weight” of vehicle refers to the purely weight of vehicle regardless of human or goods weights but with fuels to support engines, repairing tools and the spare tires.
• The word “maximum loading weight” of vehicle refers to the sum of loading weights of both human and goods which was defined by factories manufacturing the vehicle.
• The word “total maximum weight” of vehicle is the sum of the net weight of vehicle and the maximum loading weight of the vehicle. If the vehicle has the cart, the total maximum weight of the vehicle is the sum of total maximum weight of each vehicle (weight of vehicle plus weight of cart) [CC:?].
• The word “total permitted maximum weight” of vehicle is the sum of the net weight of the vehicle with the weight of human or goods loads. If the vehicle has the cart, the total permitted maximum weight of the vehicle is the sum of total maximum weight of each vehicle [CC:?].
• The word “total actual weight” of vehicle is the sum of net weight of the vehicle with the actual weight of human and goods loads.
• The word “remorque or cart” refers to the vehicle which is towed by the motor vehicle.
• The word “semi-remorque” refers to the vehicle which is towed with the motor vehicle engine.